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This was used as part of funeral processions in 19th century Korea.
While a large coffin held the body of the dead, this palanquin would have held an inscribed tablet, representing the spirit of the deceased. In a way, signifying the presence of the deceased at their own funeral.
During the funeral procession, the palanquin would have followed behind the coffin to the cemetery and then continue on to the family spirit shrine, where the tablet would be installed for ancestor worship.