The Departure of the Volunteers in 1792 ("La Marseillaise") (Le Départ des volontaires de 1792 ["La Marseillaise"]), maquette Title: The Departure of the Volunteers in 1792 ("La Marseillaise") (Le Départ des volontaires de 1792 ["La Marseillaise"]), maque
This maquette (a small model or sketch), in which the artist’s fingerprints and tool marks are visible, was made for a relief sculpture on the Arc de Triomphe in Paris (see illustration). It depicts armed men urged onward by a fierce, winged female warrior, who represents the victorious spirit of Liberty and the embodiment of France. The subject commemorates a crucial moment in 1792
(the year the French national anthem known as “La Marseillaise” was composed) when citizens volunteered to defend the young republic against Prussia and Austria, which sought to restore France’s recently toppled monarchy.
Emperor Napoleon commissioned the Arc de Triomphe in 1806 to celebrate his military victories. Unfinished when his empire collapsed in 1815, the monument was only completed in 1836 during the reign of King Louis-Philippe, who had proudly fought among the 1792 volunteers depicted in François Rude’s allegory.
Although the personification of Liberty wears the symbolic Phrygian cap of people freed from slavery in ancient Rome, France did not outlaw slavery in its colonies until 1794. Napoleon reinstated it in 1802, and it was not until 1848 that the legal structures of slavery were constitutionally dismantled in France.
27 1/2 × 19 × 4 3/4 in., 67 lb. (69.9 × 48.3 × 12.1 cm)
mount (overall with object): 28 × 19 × 6 in. (71.1 × 48.3 × 15.2 cm) (show scale)
Purchased with funds given by Iris and B. Gerald Cantor
This item is not on view
François Rude (French, 1784-1855). The Departure of the Volunteers in 1792 ("La Marseillaise") (Le Départ des volontaires de 1792 ["La Marseillaise"]), maquette Title: The Departure of the Volunteers in 1792 ("La Marseillaise") (Le Départ des volontaires de 1792 ["La Marseillaise"]), maque, 1834-1835. Terracotta, 27 1/2 × 19 × 4 3/4 in., 67 lb. (69.9 × 48.3 × 12.1 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Purchased with funds given by Iris and B. Gerald Cantor, 1989.7. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 1989.7_SL1.jpg)
overall, 1989.7_SL1.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
"CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
You may download and use Brooklyn Museum images of this three-dimensional work in accordance with a Creative Commons license
. Fair use, as understood under the United States Copyright Act, may also apply.
Please include caption information from this page and credit the Brooklyn Museum. If you need a high resolution file, please fill out our online application form
For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress
, Cornell University
, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums
, and Copyright Watch
For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright
If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact email@example.com
Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome
any additional information you might have.