Candlestick, One of Pair
Decorative Arts and Design
On View: Decorative Art, 20th-Century Decorative Arts, 4th Floor
From the 1860s through the 1910s, proponents of the Arts and Crafts movement in both Britain and the United States opposed industrialization and its dehumanizing effects. Instead, they championed honest use of materials, reduction of applied ornament, and interiors with soft, muted colors. One of its earliest British promoters was William Morris, an ardent socialist and designer of the window hanging on view here, who advocated a philosophy of reform that sought to reconnect objects and makers and recast the designer as craftsman.
Through publications and lectures the movement quickly spread to the United States, where it gained popularity as much for its aesthetics as its social ideals. In Massachusetts, the Grueby Faience Company created matte green glazes for its naturalistic art pottery, while the Pairpoint Manufacturing Company produced Arts and Crafts–inspired designs in silver. In upstate New York, Gustav Stickley became a leading proponent of American Arts and Crafts through his influential publication, The Craftsman; his widely distributed, industrially produced furniture equally embodied his mantra of simplicity and honesty of materials and construction. In Southern California, the architecture and design firm of Greene and Greene created fully integrated architecture and interiors filled with luxurious furnishings that accented mahogany chairs with ebony construction details. More idiosyncratic was George Ohr. The self-proclaimed “Mad Potter of Biloxi,” Mississippi, Ohr created eccentric, technically outstanding ceramics using clay dug from the nearby Tchoutacabouffa River.
on bottom: "PAIRPOINT MFG> CO>" Below is a product logo consisting of an irregular-shaped hexagon framing a "P"; and below is stamped "B6119"
H. Randolph Lever Fund
The candlestick has a hexagonal base, which is flat with shallow sides. Extending from each of six corners are slightly protrusive ribs, which terminate at neck. The center of shaft is incurved, scrolling forward and forming a hexagonal shaped plateau. The stem is hexagonal with straight sides and each side of neck embellished with grid pattern consisting of four vertical rows and three horizontal rows of rectangles. The hexagonal shaped collar has flat, shallow sides and a deep circular-shaped bowl.
CONDITION - Excellent. This candlestick has minor blisters around its base. There are also three scratches on the under side of same base.
Pairpoint Manufacturing Company (1880-1929). Candlestick, One of Pair, ca. 1910. Silver-plate, 7 7/8 x 4 1/2 in. (20 x 11.4 cm). Brooklyn Museum, H. Randolph Lever Fund, 1989.73.2. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: , CUR.1989.73.1-.2.jpg)
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