Woman's wrapper (àdìrẹ ẹlé̩kọ)
Arts of Africa
Àdìrẹ is a Yorùbá textile whose patterns are made through resist dyeing. The àdìrẹ technique used to make this wrapper is àdìrẹ ẹlé̩kọ, wherein female artists paint cassava flour paste on fabric, preventing certain areas from soaking in blue indigo dye. This cloth’s name is Olókun, identifiable in part by the motif of a circular “stool” surrounded by “leaves.” As goddess of the sea, Olókun’s domain is the source of wealth, lending the cloth the associated meaning “life is sweet.” Other àdìrẹ employ tie-and-dye techniques (àdìrẹ oníko), where raffia ties hold small stones or seeds in place to cover areas of the fabric during dyeing, resulting in àdìrẹ eléso patterns. One such àdìrẹ oníko was incorporated underneath a panel in the featured egúngún (see photograph).
Commercial cotton cloth, synthetic indigo dye
68 5/8 × 78 × 1/16 in. (174.3 × 198.1 × 0.1 cm)
Purchased with funds given by Frieda and Milton F. Rosenthal
Resist, indigo-dyed commerical cotton cloth. Free hand starch painting of patterns which fill geometric grid. Motifs include birds, leaves, and spinning tops. Commercial cotton joined by machine stitching, hemmed.
This item is not on view
Yorùbá , unknown maker's mark. Woman's wrapper (àdìrẹ ẹlé̩kọ), 20th century. Commercial cotton cloth, synthetic indigo dye, 68 5/8 × 78 × 1/16 in. (174.3 × 198.1 × 0.1 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Purchased with funds given by Frieda and Milton F. Rosenthal, 1990.132.8 (Photo: , 1990.132.8_PS11.jpg)
overall, 1990.132.8_PS11.jpg., 2018
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