Prestige robe (agbádá or dàńdógó)
Arts of Africa
On View: Contemporary Art, North Gallery
The Yorùbá adopted the tailored, embroidered agbádá robe after the northern Fulani Empire conquered the Ọ̀yọ́ Yorùbá Empire during the early nineteenth century. A voluminous garment that highlights its wearer’s wealth and social importance, the agbádá is worn with matching top, trousers, and cap. Made from expensive ẹtù cloth, this oversized agbádá (or dàńdógó) is the most sumptuous type. Shot through with white silk, ẹtù’s inky blue color is achieved by repeatedly dipping threads into indigo dye before weaving. The egúngún incorporates remnants of at least two agbádá, a fitting choice for a mask that uses rich textiles to honor ancestors.
Awọn Yorùbá ti gba ẹṣọ ti o ni ẹṣọ, ti o ni ẹṣọ agbada ti iṣelọpọ lẹhin ti Okun-ọba Fulani ti ariwa ti ṣẹgun Oludari ijọba Yorùbá ni ibẹrẹ ọdun karundinlogun. Aṣọ irun ti o ṣe afihan awọn ọrọ ati awọn ibaraẹnisọrọ ti oluwa rẹ, a wọ aṣọ agbada pẹlu oke ti o ni ibamu, sokoto, ati fila. Ti a ṣe lati ẹṣọ asọ ti o ni gbowolori, iwọn yii ti o tobi ju iwọn (tabi ti o dara) jẹ iruju ti o dara julọ. Gbigbọn pẹlu siliki funfun, awọ awọ-awọ alawọ ti ẹṣọ ni a ṣe nipasẹ titẹ awọn okun sira sinu yara indigo ṣaaju ki o to weaving. Awọn atunṣe ni o kun awọn iyokù ti o kere ju meji agbala, aṣayan ti o yẹ fun oju-iboju ti o nlo awọn ọṣọ ọlọrọ lati bọwọ fun awọn baba.
Cotton, silk, and indigo
49 × 103 × 2 in. (124.5 × 261.6 × 5.1 cm)
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Philip Gould
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Yorùbá. Prestige robe (agbádá or dàńdógó), 20th century. Cotton, silk, and indigo, 49 × 103 × 2 in. (124.5 × 261.6 × 5.1 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Philip Gould, 1991.230.2. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: , 1991.230.2_front_PS11.jpg)
overall, 1991.230.2_front_PS11.jpg., 2018
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