This early work by Mark Bradford uses layered end-papers—a tool for achieving a “perm,” familiar to Bradford, as a former hairdresser—thereby subtly referring to the cultural significance of the hair salon in African American communities. Here, the end-papers become the main component for an abstract pattern. The resulting composition vibrates with a formal rhythm, while the shapes are eerily reminiscent of nooses.
Bradford works primarily in abstract painting and mixed-media collage, incorporating everyday detritus such as fragments of newsprint, flyers, or materials from hair salons. Though largely abstract, his works nonetheless explore the ramifications of class, race, and gender. In recent work his forms seem to suggest maps or aerial views, in line with investigations of race riots, real-estate redlining, and gentrification.
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Frank L. Babbott, Jr., by exchange
This item is not on view
Mark Bradford (American, born 1961). Untitled, 2003. Lithograph, 32 x 32 in. (81.3 x 81.3 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Frank L. Babbott, Jr., by exchange, 2004.18. © artist or artist's estate (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 2004.18_PS9.jpg)
overall, 2004.18_PS9.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2017
"CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
© Mark Bradford
The Brooklyn Museum holds a non-exclusive license to reproduce images of this work of art from the rights holder named here.
The Museum does not warrant that the use of this work will not infringe on the rights of third parties. It is your responsibility to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions before copying, transmitting, or making other use of protected items beyond that allowed by "fair use," as such term is understood under the United States Copyright Act.
For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress
, Cornell University
, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums
, and Copyright Watch
For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright
If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
If you wish to contact the rights holder for this work, please email email@example.com
and we will assist if we can.
Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome
any additional information you might have.