George Jacob Hunzinger was one of the first designers for whom the machine became an aesthetic influence. Indeed, the structural members of this chair, with its pared-down design, resemble parts of the machines used to produce it. This is a very early example of the machine aesthetic, which would become the norm in the early twentieth century.
Hunzinger secured twenty-one patents for the wide range of furniture that he designed, including folding and reclining chairs, flip-top gaming tables, and folding beds. He used the ideas of novelty and invention as selling tools and proudly marked each chair with the patent date.
Walnut, steel mesh, fabric
33 3/8 x 21 x 18 1/2 in. (84.8 x 53.3 x 47 cm) (show scale)
Impressed into proper left rear leg at rear, on diagonal, just behind seat: "PAT. A [loss where dowel has been repaired] 1876 / PAT. MARCH 30 / 1869 / HUNZINGER."
H. Randolph Lever Fund
Armchair, steel mesh with fabric, stained in middle-tone with mainly turned parts, ebonized details and red fabric. Composed of rectangular back raised atop gently curving rectangular legs by two levels of turned spindles. Attached to each side of the back, an arm that begins parallel to the back then abruptly curves to a horizontal plane (each arm capped at each end by a turned cone). Supporting the front of each arm is a long diagonal front leg which is attached to the sides of the rectangular seat. Spanning the front legs is a stretcher that also supports two uprights that support the front of the seat.
Condition: Good, original finish and worn. Some conservation work is evident. Replacement of dowels and glue repairs. See conservation report on file.
This item is not on view
George Jacob Hunzinger (American, born Germany, 1835-1898). Armchair, ca. 1876. Walnut, steel mesh, fabric, 33 3/8 x 21 x 18 1/2 in. (84.8 x 53.3 x 47 cm). Brooklyn Museum, H. Randolph Lever Fund, 83.27. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 83.27_IMLS_SL2.jpg)
overall, 83.27_IMLS_SL2.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
"CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
You may download and use Brooklyn Museum images of this three-dimensional work in accordance with a Creative Commons license
. Fair use, as understood under the United States Copyright Act, may also apply.
Please include caption information from this page and credit the Brooklyn Museum. If you need a high resolution file, please fill out our online application form
For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress
, Cornell University
, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums
, and Copyright Watch
For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright
If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact email@example.com
Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome
any additional information you might have.