Arts of the Pacific Islands
On the island of Ambrym, masked performance is controlled by a complex system of copyright. Rights to the knowledge of mask and costume construction, as well as rights to perform them, must be purchased from the man who owns a mask’s copyright, and often only by men of certain ranks.
This rom mask was never meant to be seen as an isolated sculpture and cannot be fully understood without the dynamic costume, the performer’s movement, the accompanying music, and the audience’s response. Rom masks are typically adorned with feathers, barkcloth, leaves, hair, and other materials and are worn atop a costume of banana leaves. Each mask represents a specific ancestor spirit and would be performed publicly to show off a man’s newly achieved right to wear it.
Wood, pigment, plant fibers
21 × 11 1/4 × 7 1/2 in. (53.3 × 28.6 × 19.1 cm) (show scale)
This item is not on view
Gift of Altria
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Ambrym. Mask (Rom), 19th-20th century. Wood, pigment, plant fibers, 21 × 11 1/4 × 7 1/2 in. (53.3 × 28.6 × 19.1 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of Altria, 2008.26.5. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: , CUR.2008.26.5_back.jpg)
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Flat cantilevered diamond-shaped mask with eyes and nose in relief on lower half of diamond. Surface is of plant fiber paste over a wood and fiber frame. Blue, white, red-brown, and black pigments cover the surface. Portions of wood stick out around the edge of the mask.
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