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Papyrus of the Amduat, What Is in the Netherworld, of Ankhefenmut

Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art

MEDIUM Papyrus, ink
  • Possible Place Collected: Thebes, Egypt
  • DATES ca. 1070-945 B.C.E.
    DYNASTY Dynasty 21
    PERIOD Third Intermediate Period
    DIMENSIONS 9 x 16 1/2 in. (22.9 x 41.9 cm)
    MUSEUM LOCATION This item is not on view
    CREDIT LINE Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund
    CATALOGUE DESCRIPTION Portion of papyrus belonging to a man named Ankhefenmut. A rectangular fragment of papyrus decorated, on one side, with an inscription and a vignette both within the same rectangular frame. Within the frame, at the right end there are 5 columns of text. The “nb ankh” at the bottom of the 5th line is written below the bottom line of the frame. The first column and the second column up to the word “tawy” (?) are written in red ink. The rest of this inscription is in black ink. To the left of this inscription is a vignette illustrating part of the “Amduat”. In register A, there are from right to left, the following figures who face right: Anubis above a coffin, two men holding their arms up, a snake standing on the tip of its tail, an armless man, a crocodile – headed god carrying an oar, and three women who bear on their shoulders cobras which are represented as spitting. In register C there are three men with their hands raised, women with cobras on their shoulders, and a goddess and a falcon-headed god smiting prisoners (?) who are represented confined within a small oblong shaped frame. Part of the text, at least, in the two columns (D) appears to be written upside down. The first 6 columns of text in register B are written in red ink while the rest of the columns are done in black. The vignette appears to be an illustration of the Twelfth Hour but some of the elements such as hawk-headed god and the goddess who appear to be attacking prisoners appear to belong more properly to the Eleventh Hour Condition: Incomplete. Rips and gaps.
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