Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art
On View: Old Kingdom to 18th Dynasty, Egyptian Galleries, 3rd Floor
The ancient Egyptians, like their modern counterparts, suffered from eye diseases called ophthalmias that could lead to blindness. Because ophthalmias are transmitted by flies, they occur primarily in the summer when the insects are most abundant in Egypt.
This box belonged to a physician who treated seasonal eye diseases. Each of the three compartments contained a powder for one of the seasons of the Egyptian year—winter, “inundation” (flood), and summer. The hieroglyphs on the exterior state that the summer powder remedied “running ophthalmia.”
ca. 1938-1700 B.C.E. or later
Dynasty 12 to early Dynasty 13
2 1/16 x 2 15/16 x 1 1/4 in. (5.3 x 7.5 x 3.1 cm) (show scale)
Gift of Evangeline Wilbour Blashfield, Theodora Wilbour, and Victor Wilbour honoring the wishes of their mother, Charlotte Beebe Wilbour, as a memorial to their father, Charles Edwin Wilbour
Oblong wooden (ebony?) box cut from single block with three cylindrical hollows for eye ointment. Inscribed on one side in three columns, each headed with name of season and function of contents (eye medicines). Reverse inscribed in three lines, partly lost, for “…the chief of physicians, … S3-wady.t, repeating life.”
Condition: Poor. Cover lost. Wood split. Surface with owner’s name and titles badly broken. Each hollow retains some of original contents.
Physician's Box, ca. 1938-1700 B.C.E. or later. Wood (ebony?), 2 1/16 x 2 15/16 x 1 1/4 in. (5.3 x 7.5 x 3.1 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of Evangeline Wilbour Blashfield, Theodora Wilbour, and Victor Wilbour honoring the wishes of their mother, Charlotte Beebe Wilbour, as a memorial to their father, Charles Edwin Wilbour, 16.77. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, CUR.16.77_erg2.jpg)
. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 9/17/2009
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