Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art
On View: Egyptian Orientation Gallery, 3rd Floor
In addition to commissioning new buildings, Egyptian kings occasionally claimed existing structures such as temples or palaces as their own.
The most common way for a king to do this was to substitute his own name for that of the original builder in the inscriptions. When a king commissioned a new structure, he buried objects in the four corners of the foundation to be certain that the gods would remember the true builder and that later kings could not find and reinscribe them. These so-called foundation deposits usually included plaques with the king’s name, as well as models of objects used to erect the building, such as grinders, hoes, and rockers needed to move large stones.
ca. 1478-1458 B.C.E.
02.227a: Length 12 3/16 in. (31 cm)
02.227b: Length 12 5/16 in. (31.2 cm) (show scale)
Gift of the Egypt Exploration Fund
Foundation deposit in south side of Middle Terrace, Great Temple of Deir el-Bahri, Thebes, Egypt; 1895-1902 excavated by Édouard Naville, Egypt Exploration Society; 1902, gift of the Egypt Exploration Society to the Brooklyn Museum.
Model wooden hoe made of two separate pieces one of which is pierced through at an angle for insertion of other piece. One piece has crudely incised column of inscription.
Condition: Minor chips, otherwise intact.
Model Hoe, ca. 1478-1458 B.C.E. Wood, 02.227a: Length 12 3/16 in. (31 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of the Egypt Exploration Fund, 02.227a-b. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, CUR.02.227a-b_erg456.jpg)
. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 9/6/2007
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