May I have some information about this head?
This head depicts a king, that much we know for certain based on the type of crown he's wearing. It was made around the time of the Great Pyramids or a little earlier. It is possible that this dead depicts a king named Huni who ruled in the latter part of the 3rd Dynasty.
It's made of granite, an extremely hard stone to carve. Even though we don't know where specifically it stood, or whom exactly it represented, we can still have a sense of what its purpose would have been. A larger-than-life size statue in granite like this one likely comes from a temple or a funerary site.
In what year was this carved?
This head is over 4,600 years old! It was carved somewhere between 2650-2600 B.C.E. This would be the late 3rd or early 4th Dynasty in Egypt. It is about the same age as the Great Step Pyramid!
Is there a reason why so many noses are missing on the sculptures?
There are two reasons for the missing noses. First, noses protrude from the face of a statue, which makes them easier to fall off. Similar things happen to the hands and ears of sculptures, for example.
The second ties into ancient Egyptian beliefs and the purpose for the statues in the first place! Statues were able to house the spirits of the deceased so by ritually "killing" the statue, one could stop the process. Smashing off the nose or scratching out the name are two ways of "killing" a statue.
That could happen anytime after a statue was completed. We know from records that, when Christianity took hold in Egypt, groups of Christian monks would go around "killing" statues, believing that spirits of gods or the deceased were demonic.
That makes sense. Thought I had heard that before. Thank you!