Skip Navigation

Scholar and Pines

Pu Ru

Asian Art

The painter of this hanging scroll, best known for his landscapes, was a descendant of Qing dynasty (1644–1911) royalty. He received a privately tutored classical education that included training in painting and calligraphy, and he excelled at both. He began studying painting formally at the age of thirty, and as was the custom at the time, he learned by copying masterpieces in the royal collection.

MEDIUM Ink and color on paper
  • Place Made: China
  • DATES ca. 1950
    PERIOD Republic Period
    DIMENSIONS 31 x 23 1/4 in. (78.7 x 59.1 cm) Image: 22 1/2 x 11 3/4 in. (57.2 x 29.8 cm)  (show scale)
    MARKINGS There are three artist's seals. The first seal reads: "Sheng-hsin Studio". The second reads: "Hsin-yu"; the third seal is "Pu Ju".
    INSCRIPTIONS Inscription at upper right is a four line poem, five character meter. It reads: "Often I sit under the pines, reminiscing of the mountains in my home town. In the remote lake of Peng-tze, there should be white clouds rising."
    CREDIT LINE Gift of Judge Leonard Cohen
    CATALOGUE DESCRIPTION Hanging scroll painting (now framed). A scholar wearing a white robe and Confucian head cloth seated on the ground between two gnarled pine trees amid rocks by the edge of a stream. Hillside in middle distance at right. Light green brocade border, wood frame with plexiglass. Condition: Several restored horizontal cracks; minor stains.
    MUSEUM LOCATION This item is not on view
    CAPTION Pu Ru (Chinese, 1896–1963). Scholar and Pines, ca. 1950. Ink and color on paper, 31 x 23 1/4 in. (78.7 x 59.1 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of Judge Leonard Cohen, 83.118. © artist or artist's estate (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 83.118.jpg)
    IMAGE overall, 83.118.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2005
    "CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
    RIGHTS STATEMENT © artist or artist's estate
    Copyright for this work may be controlled by the artist, the artist's estate, or other rights holders. A more detailed analysis of its rights history may, however, place it in the public domain. The Museum does not warrant that the use of this work will not infringe on the rights of third parties. It is your responsibility to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions before copying, transmitting, or making other use of protected items beyond that allowed by "fair use," as such term is understood under the United States Copyright Act. For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress, Cornell University, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums, and Copyright Watch. For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright. If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact
    Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome any additional information you might have.