What is going on here?
These two fragments come from a larger scene showing formalized interactions between the Theban Divine Family which is made up of the the god Amun (who was very important in Thebes and throughout Egypt), his wife, Mut, the goddess of the earth, and their son Khonsu, the god of the moon.
Also included in the scenes is a woman named Amunirdis I who held the title God's Wife of Amun. This was an extremely high ranking position often held by royal women. The function of the position was similar to that of a high priestess.
Is the man sitting on the throne a king? What is his name?
That is a good guess, but he is actually a god called Amun who was very important during this time period in in Egyptian history.
I though the lady was a queen because she is wearing a crown, but the label says she is a priestess?
Great observation! The woman you photographed actually represents the goddess Mut. Gods and goddesses are often shown wearing crowns too.
The woman all the way to the right is a priestess and a princess! She held the title "God's Wife of Amun," which is kind of like a high priestess. She was also the daughter of the pharaoh and by working in the Temple of Amun, she served as a link between the temple and the king.
And the goddess is wearing the crown from the Upper and Lower kingdoms?
Mut is indeed wearing the double crown.
Amun is wearing the double plumed crown which is specific to the god Amun.
So the priestess looks like she's talking to the king?
That's correct! Or, not the king, the god Amun, who is shown here like a king. She is presenting him with an offering of a small statue of the goddess Maat. That's what she has in her hand.
I’m a college student researching for a paper on the temple of Karnak in Egypt. What pieces do you have from Karnak or Thebes on display?
We actually have a relief of the Theban Divine Family on the third floor! The blocks are attributed to Karnak based on their similarity to the decoration of other chapels there. They're in the 19th Dynasty to Roman period gallery.
Thanks! Found it and more.
You're welcome! The relief we mentioned ties into a really interesting time in Egyptian history, when the Kushite pharaohs would appoint their daughters to religious roles in order to maintain a close relationship between the priests of Amun and the kingship.