Scarab of Thutmose III
Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art
On View: Egyptian Orientation Gallery, 3rd Floor
The reigns of Hatshepsut through Thutmose IV represent a transitional phase in Eighteenth Dynasty art.
At first, artists continued to favor simple, elegant forms common earlier in the dynasty, but eventually they developed elaborate, highly detailed designs that dominated the dynasty’s final decades. Under Amunhotep II and Thutmose IV, for example, craftsmen increased the use of a soft, pastel blue pigment that had been invented during the reign of Thutmose III. Potters also molded vessels in human and animal form, and artisans rediscovered the Middle Kingdom fascination for colorful stones such as red carnelian.
Art historians consider the scarabs (beetleshaped amulets) of this era among the finest ever made. Figure Vase of Woman Holding Dog
ca. 1479-1425 B.C.E., or later
Dynasty 18, or later
New Kingdom, or later
5/16 x 9/16 x 11/16 in. (0.9 x 1.4 x 1.8 cm) (show scale)
Men-kheper-re, shining in Thebes.
Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund
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Scarab of Thutmose III, ca. 1479-1425 B.C.E., or later. Steatite, glaze, 5/16 x 9/16 x 11/16 in. (0.9 x 1.4 x 1.8 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund, 37.513E. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, CUR.37.513E_erg456.jpg)
. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 5/20/2009
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Green glazed steatite scarab bearing, on the abse, the inscription "Men-kheper-re, shining in Thebes." The scarab is pierced from front to rear for suspension. The head is lunate-shaped and merges into the prothorax; the clypeus is notched. The prothorax is rounded in the rear, and spearated from the elytra by a single incised line. There is an incised border line on each side of the prothorax. The wing cases are separated from each other by a single line. There is a "V" shaped mark on each wing case at the shoulders. A single incised line runs down the wing case from each of the "V" shaped makrs, and curves forwards slightly at the rear. The hairs on the front and middle legs are indicated, and the legs spread slightly. The prothorax is higher than the rear of the scarab.
Condition: The glaze is well preserved and is darker in the hollows than elsewhere; one of the prongs of the clypeus is missing; the thread hole is filled with dirt.
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