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Canopic Jar and Lid (Depicting a Jackal)

Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art

Canopic jars first appeared in the tomb of Hetepheres, the mother of Khufu, builder of the Great Pyramid. They were intended to hold the separately mummified internal organs. The middle-class examples of canopic jars, which first appeared seven hundred years later, are often dummies like these, never hollowed out to hold the organs, but still included in the tomb. Canopic jars demonstrate the development of a custom at a royal cemetery that was then adopted in a cheaper form by the middle class.
MEDIUM Limestone
  • Place Made: Egypt
  • DATES 664–404 B.C.E.
    DYNASTY Dynasty 26 to Dynasty 26
    PERIOD Late Period
    DIMENSIONS 11 9/16 (29.3 cm) high x 5 1/4 in. (13.4 cm) diameter  (show scale)
    CREDIT LINE Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund
    CATALOGUE DESCRIPTION One limestone canopic jar (b) with stopper in the form of Duamutef, the jackal-headed god. The head is roughly modelled but in proportion to the jar. An inscription within a rectangular panel is incised upon front. Condition: No trace of paint remains. Slight chipping here and there, but otherwise in excellent condition. Found with 37.895E-.897E.
    MUSEUM LOCATION This item is not on view
    CAPTION Canopic Jar and Lid (Depicting a Jackal), 664–404 B.C.E. Limestone, 11 9/16 (29.3 cm) high x 5 1/4 in. (13.4 cm) diameter. Brooklyn Museum, Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund, 37.894Ea-b. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 37.894Ea-b_front_PS1.jpg)
    IMAGE front, 37.894Ea-b_front_PS1.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2007
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    RIGHTS STATEMENT Creative Commons-BY
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