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High Priest as King (?)

Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art

On View: 19th Dynasty to Roman Period, Martha A. and Robert S. Rubin Gallery, 3rd Floor

The highly idealizing treatment of this face, including the narrow eyebrows, the sharp vertical lines running down the nose, the full round cheeks, and the small mouth, is paralleled on some of the Twenty-first Dynasty's few royal sculptures and reliefs. Moreover, the cavity on the forehead once accommodated a uraeus cobra, a symbol of royalty. Still, the head does not necessarily represent a king. It may be one of the dynasty's high priests, who often usurped royal insignias, including the uraeus, as a sign of their authority over Upper Egypt during the political turmoil of the period.

MEDIUM Quartzite
  • Place Made: Egypt
  • DATES ca. 1070-945 B.C.E.
    DYNASTY Dynasty 21
    PERIOD Third Intermediate Period
    DIMENSIONS 4 7/16 x 2 7/8 x 3 1/4 in. (11.3 x 7.3 x 8.3 cm)  (show scale)
    CREDIT LINE Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund
    CATALOGUE DESCRIPTION Red quartzite head presumably a king, originally fitted with bronze uraeus, now missing. Head entirely shaved, prominent ears. Condition: Chin chipped, various minor chips.
    CAPTION High Priest as King (?), ca. 1070-945 B.C.E. Quartzite, 4 7/16 x 2 7/8 x 3 1/4 in. (11.3 x 7.3 x 8.3 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund, 36.835. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 36.835_threequarter_SL1.jpg)
    IMAGE threequarter, 36.835_threequarter_SL1.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
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    RIGHTS STATEMENT Creative Commons-BY
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