Funerary Stela of C. Julius Valerius
Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art
This funerary stela, the oldest in this exhibition by several centuries, shows a boy who died when he was three. His father, a Roman soldier, was stationed near Alexandria. His Egyptian mother is not mentioned. The child’s costume and pose are Roman, but his long sidelock of hair is traditionally Egyptian, as are the jackal god Anubis and the falcon god Horus above his head. The griffin in the lower right corner represents the classical goddess Nemesis, who controlled life and death.
3rd century C.E.
14 3/16 x 10 1/16 x 2 3/16 in. (36 x 25.5 x 5.5 cm) (show scale)
C. Julius Valerius, son of C. Julius Severus, a solider of Legio II Traiana. He lived 3 years.
Gift of Evangeline Wilbour Blashfield, Theodora Wilbour, and Victor Wilbour honoring the wishes of their mother, Charlotte Beebe Wilbour, as a memorial to their father, Charles Edwin Wilbour
Limestone funerary stelae of C. Julius Valerius standing in high relief within a temple facade. At his shoulder he is flanked by a Horus-hawk and a jackal (?). At his feet are an altar and a griffin.
At the base are four rows of Latin inscription giving the name and the boy’s age at his death as three. The child is clad in Roman costume and wears the side-lock of youth. In his left hand is a bucket perhaps a type of situla. With his right hand he grasps a circular object which is perhaps an offering which is about to place on the small altar. He is probably intended to represent Horus. The griffin in the lower right corner seems to show Greek influence. While the stela is of a well-known type it is of special interest as an example showing the mingling of classical and Egyptian influences. Latin inscriptions are also none too common in Egypt. The background instead of being smooth and cut is hatched in a very crude way. Extensive but faint traces of bright red paint remain as the background.
Condition: Edges considerably chipped. Paint gone. General condition good.
This item is not on view
Funerary Stela of C. Julius Valerius, 3rd century C.E. Limestone, pigment, 14 3/16 x 10 1/16 x 2 3/16 in. (36 x 25.5 x 5.5 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of Evangeline Wilbour Blashfield, Theodora Wilbour, and Victor Wilbour honoring the wishes of their mother, Charlotte Beebe Wilbour, as a memorial to their father, Charles Edwin Wilbour, 16.105. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 16.105_PS1.jpg)
overall, 16.105_PS1.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2009
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