Charles Merrill Memorial Window
By 1900 the achievements in stained glass of Louis C. Tiffany, John La Farge, and the Lamb studio had received international recognition. Building on innovations in opalescent glass and plating, or layering, Walter Cole Brigham added a novel and literal naturalism to his landscape windows by the inclusion of seashells and quartz river stones. Trained as a painter, Brigham christened his artistic invention "Marine Mosaic."
Working in his studio on Shelter Island off the eastern end of Long Island, Brigham crafted Marine Mosaics from 1901 until about 1915. The large evocative window on display was commissioned in 1911 by Abigail Merrill in memory of her husband Charles and installed in the chapel of the Home for Aged Men, 745 Classon Avenue Brooklyn, where it remained until the 1960s, when the building was razed.
Although he was applauded in his own day, Brigham's reputation faded and now he is little known. His Marine Mosaics were, however, a unique and important contribution to the history of stained glass in America.
Glass, shells, pebbles
74 3/8 x 78 1/8in. (188.9 x 198.4cm) (show scale)
Gift of The Roebling Society, Mrs. Frank K. Sanders, Mrs. Hollis K. Thayer and H. Randolph Lever Fund and the Frank L. Babbott Fund
Window, Marine mosaic of glass, shells, and pebbles, rectangular in shape with pointed Gothic arch at top. Scene depicted is of a body of water, possibly an inlet, surrounded on three sides by land, with trees, grass and flowers. Sky is streaked with orange and red as if depicting sunset. Three large trees in foreground. Left is fruit bearing; two trees in foreground are conifers. Trees in background appear to be fruit bearing.
CONDITION - Old repairs. Otherwise good. Restored by preparator 1970. Prior to restoration, had a few pieces missing (minor), and some loose pieces.
This item is not on view
W. Cole Brigham (American, 1870-1941). Charles Merrill Memorial Window, ca. 1910. Glass, shells, pebbles, 74 3/8 x 78 1/8in. (188.9 x 198.4cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of The Roebling Society, Mrs. Frank K. Sanders, Mrs. Hollis K. Thayer and H. Randolph Lever Fund and the Frank L. Babbott Fund, 70.3. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 70.3_view3_SL4.jpg)
overall, 70.3_view3_SL4.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2014
"CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
You may download and use Brooklyn Museum images of this three-dimensional work in accordance with a Creative Commons license
. Fair use, as understood under the United States Copyright Act, may also apply.
Please include caption information from this page and credit the Brooklyn Museum. If you need a high resolution file, please fill out our online application form
For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress
, Cornell University
, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums
, and Copyright Watch
For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright
If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome
any additional information you might have.