Jambhala, God of Wealth

Medium: Copper alloy

Geograhical Locations:

Dates:12th–13th century

Dimensions: 5 x 3 7/8 in. (12.7 x 9.8 cm)


Accession Number: 2021.1.16

Catalogue Description:
Jambhala seated in a posture of ease (one leg pendant) on a throne, holding a mongoose on one knee while his other hand is lowered in the wish-granting gesture, varada mudra, with a small object (probably a gemstone) in his palm. The figure's rich jewels and ample body reflect his role as god of wealth and plenty. The mongoose has the ability to spit jewels and appears to be doing so in this representation although it is no longer clearly delineated. The elaborate throne back consists of swirling flame or cloud forms and two makara (sea monster) heads. The throne's seat is draped. Jambhala is similar in role and iconography to the Hindu god Kubera, but he is mostly worshipped in the Himalayas, and by both Hindus and Buddhists.

Brooklyn Museum